Roybal, Tonita & Juan Cruz – Jar with Mountain & Cloud Designs (1930’s)
Tonita Roybal remains one of the great innovative names in San Ildefonso pottery. This large jar reflects the exceptional nature of her pottery designs, shapes, and firing. The pot has a round shoulder and sloping neck. The piece was made and polished by Tonita, then her husband, Juan Cruz Roybal, painted the designs on the jar. He has long been considered one of the great Pueblo pottery painters. The jar has a triangular mountain pattern that has a hatchwork design in the center. This hatchwork style of painting is often visually associated with Juan’s painting style. Separating each of the mountains is a cloud design. Below the shoulder are rain and cloud patterns. The jar was fired to a dark black with gunmetal (a metallic appearance) on the surface. It is in very good condition with no chips, cracks, restoration, or repair. It is signed, “Tonita + Juan” in the clay on the bottom.